Considered one of the fathers of modern art, Paul Cézanne (1839–1906) was a pioneer. Landscape painter, an ephemeral member of the Impressionist adventure, he revolutionized painting by returning to the laws of geometrization and the search for a balance between shapes and colors. The abolition of this border was then daring in France, where supporters of the line and those of color have always opposed it. For Cézanne, nature is a whole that must be captured in its truth, without hierarchy. Although he was a loner, the rediscovery of his work in 1907 greatly influenced young painters, especially cubists such as Picasso and Braque.